International relations (IR) theory entails the study of international relations in the perspective of theories by trying to find a way in which international relations can be achieved. Since the IR theory is based on three schools of thought, with realism being the dominant one, there is a challenge of focusing on events that have already happened. However, with the focus on liberalism, nations will be better placed to exercise their democracy sovereignty and political ambitions. Realism warns of imminent suffering from power if states overreach. The IR theory might not effectively foretell the events to happen. The fact that IR theory was founded as a reactive measure to address the atrocities of World War 1 proves that the theory addresses events that have already happened. With the current increasing scope and complexities of world politics, the theories face a challenge to understand the nations.



The theory is known to explain events that have already happened. The theory could lose its relevance unless it develops ways to plan proactively for imminent future events rather than focusing on the past ones. Due to the changing ways of governance and according to the scientific data provided through  the theory should come up with new conceptual frameworks and modern theories for better policy development (Weber, 2010).


With IR theories implementing new frameworks to tackle the problem of interstates security and other critical issues, the future of states and international organizations will have a better platform to work together for peace. The theory will make the states and transnational actors work together as a harmonious unit. Even though liberalism calls for nations to make their internal political goals for internal democracy, there is still hope for cooperation with the IR theories. The process of analyzing the past to have a better understanding of the present is essential as it as well helps in predicting the future events in states.